Folia faunistica Slovaca 20 (1) 2015: 5–7

First reliable record of Mecinus circulatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Slovakia

Michael Košťál

Kotlanova 1A, CZ-628 00 Brno, Czech Republic []

Abstract: Mecinus circulatus (Marsham, 1802) is for the first time reliably reported from Slovakia. The species was found in southern Slovakia, Cerová vrchovina highlands.

Key words: Mecinus circulatus, Coleoptera, Curculionidae, faunistics, Slovakia, Cerová vrchovina.


Received 10 January 2015 ~ Accepted 27 February 2015 ~ Published 15 May 2015

© Faunima, Bratislava, 2015

e–ISSN 1336–4529 ISSN 1335–7522


According to the latest checklist of Curculionoidea of Czech and Slovak Republic (Benedikt 2010), there are nine native species of Mecinus known from Slovakia. Mecinus circulatus was formerly reported for Slovakia by Laco (1929) from “Bolešov-Piechov”, a locality in mountainous terrain in Váh valley. No documenting specimen of this report exists, and no other specimens of M. circulatus from Slovakia were found and published. Despite this, some authors, for example Smreczyński (1976) or Strejček (1993) mention Slovakia in its distribution. The first author also includes Hungary as a country of the species distribution. On the contrary, a most recent list of Hungarian weevils by Podlussány (1996) does not quote this species. It is evident that the above distributional data are either based on misidentifications or subsequent citations of those data. Therefore, Benedikt (2010) summarizes the above data on the distribution of M. circulatus and concludes that “The occurrence of the Ponto-Mediterranean species M. circulatus must also remain unconfirmed for Slovakia, and it is also very improbable here due to the absence of the species in Hungary…”.

Material and Methods

Within the project of general faunistic weevil research of the Cerová vrchovina Protected Landscape Area (PLA) and its surroundings, I have visited localities also outside PLA. The collecting site lies very close (about 500 m) to the PLA border. Locality (Figure 1): Gemerský Jablonec env., 250 m a. s. l., N 48°11´56˝ E 19°59´40˝. The locality is characterized by ruderal to semi-primeval steppe phytocoenoses on loess to sandstone bedrock supporting a very species-rich annual and perennial vegetation. One of predominant perennials is Plantago lanceolata L. I have visited this place in 2014 nine times. During the vegetation season (March-October), sweeping was always used as one of collecting methods. The material collected was examined using stereomicroscope (Intraco Micro NSZ-810) and M. circulatus was photographed by high resolution camera (Canon EOS 50D) and macro zoom lens (Canon MP-E 65 mm).

Results and discussion

Mecinus circulatus (Marsham, 1802) (Figure 2) – material examined: Gemerský Jablonec env., 10. 6. 2014, 1 , 3.1 mm long without rostrum, leg., det. et coll. Michael Košťál.

M. circulatus is relatively common species in southern Europe, especially in its western part, reaching northwards to the United Kingdom (terra typica). It is known also from Algeria. The only country in Asia, where the species was recorded is Cyprus (Caldara 2013). According to the same author, M. circulatus was recorded neither from Hungary nor Romania. S. Benedikt (pers. comm.) saw some recent reliably documented specimens from Hungary. These finds in Hungary, as well the present Slovak record may indicate a recent spreading of M. circulatus to the north as is obvious with many other thermophilous weevil species in recent years (Benedikt 2010).

Biology: The development of M. circulatus in Plantago lanceolata L. was described by Hoffmann (1958). This corresponds well to the high abundance of the plant at the collecting site. The specimen was gained by general sweeping together with 28 specimens of Mecinus pascuorum (Gyllenhal, 1813), 4 specimens of M. labilis (Herbst, 1795) and 1 of M. pyraster (Herbst, 1796). The host plant of all last three accompanying species is P. lanceolata too (Caldara & Fogato 2013).


I thank to S. Benedikt (Plzeň) for his worthy faunistic comments, to M. Russell (Anglesey), M. Sabo (Bratislava) and Z. Košťálová (Brno) for their kind linguistic and formal check.


Benedikt S, 2010: Curculioninae. In: Benedikt S, Borovec R, Fremuth J, Krátký J, Schön K, Skuhrovec J & Trýzna M: Annotated checklist of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea excepting Scolytinae and Platypodinae) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Part 1. Systematics, faunistics, history of research on weevils in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, structure outline, checklist. Comments on Anthribidae, Rhynchitidae, Attelabidae, Nanophyidae, Brachyceridae, Dryophthoridae, Erirhinidae and Curculionidae: Curculioninae, Bagoinae, Baridinae, Ceutorhynchinae, Conoderinae, Hyperinae. Klapalekiana, 46 (suppl.): pp. 158–228.

Caldara R, 2013: Curculioninae. In: Löbl I & Smetana (eds.): Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 8. Leiden, Brill, pp. 117–172.

Caldara R & Fogato V, 2013: Systematics of the weevil genus Mecinus Germar, 1821 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). I. Taxonomic treatment of the species. Zootaxa, 3654 (1): 1–105.

Hoffmann A, 1958: Coléoptères Curculionides. Troisième partie. Faune de France, 62: 1209–1839.

Laco J, 1929: Chrobákoveda. Soukromé litografické vydání, Bratislava, 140 pp.

Podlussány A, 1996: Magyarország ormányosalkatú bogarainak fajlistája (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 57: 197–225.

Smreczyński S, 1976: Klucze do oznaczania owadów Polski. Część XIX, Chrąszcze – Coleoptera. Zeszyt 98f, Ryjkowce-Curculionidae, Podrodzina Curculioninae. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 115 pp.

Strejček J, 1993: Curculionoidea. In: Jelínek J (ed.): Checklist of Czechoslovak Insects IV (Coleoptera). Folia Heyrovskyana, suppl. 1: 134–152.


Figure 1. Collecting site of Mecinus circulatus near Gemerský Jablonec, Slovakia.

Košťál M: First reliable record of Mecinus circulatus from Slovakia

Figure 2. Mecinus circulatus , not to scale.


Folia faunistica Slovaca 20 (1) 2015: 57