Peer-reviewed scientific journal for original papers on animal systematics, taxonomy, phylogeny, diversity and ecology of fauna

Taxocoenoses of benthic macroinvertebrates in the karst springs of the Western Carphatians

Andrea Kušnírová, Pavel Beracko, Tomáš Derka, Eva Bulánková, Ján Kodada
& Tomáš Navara

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 67–82

Abstract: Karst springs are considered for specific habitats in many aspects. They are characterized by a relatively stable thermal regime and high chemical stability during the year. For these specific characteristics they are considered a refugee for many rare species of fauna and flora. The aim of this study was to characterize taxonomic composition and diversity of macroinvertebrate communities in karst springs in the Western Carpathians. Totally, 36 karst springs were sampled in 6 karst areas of Slovakia. The spring habitats differed in altitude and thermal regime. Based on taxonomic composition 5 significantly different macroinvertebrate assemblage groups were separated. The typical rhithral species (e.g. Rhyacophila tristis, Dugesia gonocephala, Baetis alpinus) identified the first group – large cave springs. Species (e.g. Polycelis felina, Electrogena ujhelyi, Agapetus fuscipes) typical for intermittent habitats formed second group. Wormaldia occipitalis was indicator species for seasonal springs. Small forest springs were characterized by species, e.g. Leuctra major, Elmis latreillei and Protonemoura auberti. Neither altitude nor water temperature were detected as significant predictors of the taxonomic diversity.

Key words: crenobionts, community, biodiversity, temperature, elevation

Received 17 October 2016 ~ Accepted 23 December 2016 ~ Published 31 July 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.09  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract


Roman Cséfalvay, Milan Janák & Barbara Immerová

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 63–66

Abstract: Records of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820 from two localities in southern Slovakia are presented. Syntopy with the sister species Hirudo medicinalis Linnaeus, 1758 in both of localities is also proved.

Key words: Hirudo verbana, Hirudo medicinalis, Hirudinida, Slovakia, faunistics


Received 29 Novebmer 2016 ~ Accepted 9 February 2017 ~ Published 31 July 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.08  ~   In English

The impact of parental age on egg-laying - effective time of laying eggs Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus 1758 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae)

Barbara Mangová & Milan Kozánek

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 57–62

Abstract: The effective period of egg production is one of the important factors to set up effective model for mass rearing of this species for feed and food purposes. The main objective was to define the relationship between parental age and egg production. Under laboratory conditions, females of this species produced in average 854.68±207.45 (min.- 565.2; max.- 1257.6) eggs per female during its lifetime and in average 6.27±0.48 (min. - 5.27±4.03; max. - 8.07±4.60 eggs) per female per day at constant temperature 28°C. The production of the eggs significantly decreased with female age (p < 0.0001). Up to 80 days age, the decrease of egg production did not exceed 50 % and the average production was 8.63±1.32 eggs per female per day. Following our results, this period can be considered as the effective time of egg production. Larvae showed incubation periods of 5 to 10 days (average time was 7.42±0.07 days). During 7- 8 days 91.44% of larvae were hatched.

Key words: edible insect, egg production, incubation, mass-rearing, parental age, Tenebrio molitor 


Received 16 November 2016 ~ Accepted 23 January 2017 ~ Published 31 July 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.07  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Zoological records in Gustáv M. Reussʼ manuscript on Revúca from years 1853 and 1854

Marcel Uhrin & Ľubomír Panigaj

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 41–56

Abstract: Gustáv Mauricius Reuss (1818–1861), a Slovak polymath who lived in Revúca, central Slovakia, wrote in 1853–1854 in unpublished manuscript a list of animals of the surroundings of the town of Revúca. We interpreted here Reuss’s list of 167 animal “species” from the point of view of current zoology with notes on their historical context.

Key words: Amphibia, Arachnida, Clitellata, Insecta, Malacostraca, Mammalia, Osteichthyes, Petromyzontes, Reptilia, historical records, Gemer region, Slovakia  

Received 4 February 2017 ~ Accepted 10 May 2017 ~ Published 29 July 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.06  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

First record of Bresslauides terricola (Foissner, 1987) (Ciliophora, Colpodea) in Slovakia – cystic stages, en- and excystation

Simona Benčaťová & Eva Tirjaková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 31–40

Abstract: Bresslauides terricola (Foissner, 1987) Foissner, 1993 (Ciliophora, Colpodea) was found for the first time in the territory of Slovakia in a moss sample taken at the locality of Jesenské. The species was cultivated using the non-flooded Petri dish method and was grown on the salad and grain medium. Morphology of cultivated trophic cells, structure of resting and reproductive cysts were investigated, using live observation. Processes during encystation and excystation were observed in vivo under the light microscopy. We described the structure of resting and reproductive cysts. The obtained results were compared with the original and subsequent descriptions of this species. This is the first report of processes encystation and excystation (including timing of processes) of Bresslauides terricola.

Key words: Bresslauides terricola, Ciliophora, encystation, excystation, first record, resting cyst, Slovakia 

Received 22 March 2017 ~ Accepted 1 June 2017 ~ Published 12 June 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.05  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Eleven Lepidoptera species new to the fauna of Slovakia

Gabriel Pastorális, Jan Liška, Gustav Elsner, Jan Šumpich, Ignác Richter, Zdenko Tokár, Branislav Endel & Jan Skyva

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 19–29

Abstract: The authors present the records of eleven species new to the Lepidoptera fauna of Slovakia, namely Depressaria floridella Mann, 1864, Syncopacma captivella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854), Coleophora dignella Toll, 1961, Coleophora proterella Wikström et Tabell, 2016, Rhyacionia hafneri (Rebel, 1937), Delplanqueia inscriptella (Duponchel, 1836), Pempeliella sororiella (Zeller, 1839), Phycita torrenti Agenjo, 1962, Pechipogo plumigeralis Hübner, 1825, Caradrina terrea Freyer, 1840 and Hadena capsincola ([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775). The occurrence of Nemophora scopolii Kozlov, Mutanen, Lee et Huemer, 2016, Agonopterix medelichensis Buchner, 2015 and Mecyna balcanica Slamka et Plant, 2016 that were mentioned for the first time to Slovakia in other papers during previous two years is commented. Taxonomic position of Acrobasis fallouella Ragonot, 1871 and Apamea syriaca tallosi Kovács et Varga, 1969 in the current list of Slovak Lepidoptera is corrected.

Key words. Lepidoptera, Elachistidae, Gelechiidae, Coleophoridae, Tortricidae, Pyralidae, Erebidae, Noctuidae, Adelidae, Crambidae, new records, bionomy, distribution, Slovakia

Received 31 January 2017 ~ Accepted 31 March 2017 ~ Published 3 May 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.04  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

More contributions in recent volume

Assoc. Prof. Peter Fenďa, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
Eduard Stloukal, PhD., Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia