Contribution to the knowledge of

Peer-reviewed scientific journal for original papers on animal systematics, taxonomy, phylogeny, diversity and ecology of fauna

The first finding of walnut husk fly Rhagoletis completa (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Slovakia

Milan Kozánek, Marek Semelbauer & Rastislav Bartoš

Folia faunistica Slovaca 23: 29–31

Abstract: Walnut husk fly Rhagoletis completa Cresson, 1929 is reported for the first time from Slovakia. Data on the distribution, morphology and biology of the species are given.

Key words. Diptera, Tephritidae, walnut husk fly, Slovakia

Received 29. 1. 2018 ~ Accepted 15. 5. 2018 ~ Published 27. 7. 2018 ~  DOI ffs.2018.23.04  ~   In English

  

SEDEM DRUHOV MOTÝĽOV (LEPIDOPTERA) NOVÝCH PRE FAUNU SLOVENSKA
Seven species of moths (Lepidoptera) new for fauna of Slovakia

František Kosorín, Gabriel Pastorális, Zdenko Tokár & Ignác Richter

Folia faunistica Slovaca 23: 13–20

Abstract: The following seven species of Lepidoptera – Yponomeuta rorrella (Hübner, 1796); Metzneria subflavella Englert, 1957; Anarsia eleagnella Kuznetsov, 1957; Scythris sinensis (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875); Cydia interscindana (Möschler, 1866); Pseudobissetia terrestrellus (Christoph, 1885); Eilema caniola (Hübner, [1808]) – have been recorded as new to the fauna of Slovakia. Photographs of the adults, genitalia, larva, and habitat are provided.

Key words. Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae, Gelechiidae, Scythrididae, Tortricidae, Crambidae, Erebidae, new records Slovakia

Received 4. 13. 2017 ~ Accepted 2. 2. 2018 ~ Published 26. 4. 2018 ~  DOI ffs.2018.23.02  ~   In Slovak

  

specific features of resting cysts morphology of limnic heterotrichous species ciliates Blepharisma lateritium and Stentor roeselii

Simona Benčaaťová & Eva Tirjaková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 23: 21–27

Abstract: The following light microscopy study is dedicated to the structural description of resting cysts from two limnic heterotrichous species of ciliates, Blepharisma lateritium (Ehrenberg, 1831) Stein, 1859 and Stentor roeselii Ehrenberg, 1835. Both limnic samples were taken from the same location in Slovakia. In addition to standard observations during the encystation process of B. lateritium (changes in shape, volume, size; resorption of ciliature and others), we identified a specific structure around the encysting cells known as the „paper layer“. The most significant feature is the morphology of ectocyst and the presence of specific conical-shaped plug (escape apparatus). In addition to B. lateritium resting cysts, we described the resting cysts structure of S. roeselii for the first time. We recorded the unusual number of pillars visible in the form of thin hem just below the cyst surface. The outer layer (most likely ectocyst) appeared very striated, distally marked by a mucous layer. Unambiguously, this is the most conspicious feature of the cystic wall. The literary data suggest that there is still little information about these two species, as well as about cyst morphology in ciliates in general. This work can provide the basis for further research.

Key words. Ciliates, encystation, excystation apparatus, Slovakia, structure, surface

Received 14. 3. 2018 ~ Accepted 6. 4. 2018 ~ Published 26. 4. 2018 ~  DOI ffs.2018.23.03  ~   In English

Ecological and hydromorphological evaluation of monitoring sites at upper Myjava River

Erika Hrdlicová & Eva Bulánková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 93–101

Abstract: Since 2006 the upper part of the Myjava River has undergone strong changes. Above
the monitoring site Myjava NAD (rkm 72.6) a water reservoir was rebuilt to a dry
polder in 2006 and the stagnant water has changed into realined channel of the Myjava
River. Because of benthic invertebrates has not been monitored at this locality
since 2010 we would like to evaluate changes of macrozoobenthos communities at
the sampling site Myjava NAD in present and compare them with the sampling site
which is relatively undisturbed. This reference site (hypocrenal) is situated in the
beech forest at rkm 82. We assessed physico-chemical parameters, hydromorphology
using River Habitat Survey at both localities in 2014 – 2015. Macrozoobenthos
was sampled by kicking technique in spring and in autumn 2014 – 2015. The aim of
our research was to: 1. Evaluate hydromorphology of selected stream sites; 2. Find
out macrozoobenthos structure at these sampling sites 3. Compare changes in metrics
found out during monitoring in 2003 – 2013 with our data from 2014. The PCA
showed that the structure of macrozoobenthos is influenced first of all by the hydromorphological
features of the Myjava River and the physico-chemicals parameters
had less influence. Metrics calculated from macrozoobenthos abundance of the
site Myjava NAD from the years 2003, 2014, 2015 showed that biological status is
better but the site is hydromorphologicaly disturbed and therefore it belongs to the
HMWB. According to the ecological evaluation we found out that the sampling site
in the beech forest has a character of a reference site therefore it is unique in the
Myjava River basin. Occurrence of the protected species Cordulegaster heros, sensitive
species Ibisia marginata and Ephemera danica was threatened by the clearcutting
in 2015. We suggest to minimalize human impact in the vicinity of the stream
at this valuable part of the Myjava River.

Key words: Cordulegaster heros, macrozoobenthos, hypocrenal, River Habitat Survey

 

Received 25 April 2017 ~ Accepted 20 December 2017 ~ Published 21 December 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.13  ~   In Slovak, with English aabstract

Occurrence of peacock fly Callopistromyia annulipes (Diptera: Ulidiidae) in Bratislava, Slovakia

Eduard Stloukal & Viera Stloukalová

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 89–91

Abstract: Non-native peacock fly Callopistromyia annulipes (Macquart, 1855) has been recorded at western side of Bratislava, Slovakia during years 2016 – 2017. The second occurrence site of Nearctic species in Slovakia is presented.

Key words: Callopistromyia annulipes, Diptera, new records, Slovakia

 

Received 18 December 2017 ~ Accepted 20 December 2017 ~ Published 21 December 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.12  ~   In English

The first record of the myrmecophilous rove beetle Claviger longicornis (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in the nest of the false honeypot ant Prenolepis nitens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)

Adrián Purkart & Milada Holecová

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 85–87

Abstract: This paper presents an observation of the myrmecophilous rove beetle Claviger longicornis (Müller, 1818) in the nest of the uncommon ant Prenolepis nitens (Mayr, 1853). It also represents the first record of an association between rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) and Prenolepis nitens. Some ecological data concerning the host ant species are discussed as well.

Key words: Claviger longicornis, Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Hymenoptera, Formicidae, myrmecophily, new record, Prenolepis nitens

Received 5 August 2017 ~ Accepted 18 September 2017 ~ Published 18 December 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.11  ~   In English

New Data on Strumigenys argiola (Emery, 1869) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from urban greenery of Bratislava, Slovakia

Mária Klesniaková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 83–84

Abstract: A new record of Strumigenys argiola (Emery, 1869) from the urban greenery of Bratislava (Slovakia) is presented. Three workers were found in litter sample during the survey in Andrej Hlinka park in Bratislava in August 2016.

Key words: Strumigenys argiola, ants, urban greenery, Slovakia, faunistics

Received 6 September 2017 ~ Accepted 26 September 2017 ~ Published 15 December 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.10  ~   In English

Taxocoenoses of benthic macroinvertebrates in the karst springs of the Western Carphatians

Andrea Kušnírová, Pavel Beracko, Tomáš Derka, Eva Bulánková, Ján Kodada
& Tomáš Navara

Folia faunistica Slovaca 22: 67–82

Abstract: Karst springs are considered for specific habitats in many aspects. They are characterized by a relatively stable thermal regime and high chemical stability during the year. For these specific characteristics they are considered a refugee for many rare species of fauna and flora. The aim of this study was to characterize taxonomic composition and diversity of macroinvertebrate communities in karst springs in the Western Carpathians. Totally, 36 karst springs were sampled in 6 karst areas of Slovakia. The spring habitats differed in altitude and thermal regime. Based on taxonomic composition 5 significantly different macroinvertebrate assemblage groups were separated. The typical rhithral species (e.g. Rhyacophila tristis, Dugesia gonocephala, Baetis alpinus) identified the first group – large cave springs. Species (e.g. Polycelis felina, Electrogena ujhelyi, Agapetus fuscipes) typical for intermittent habitats formed second group. Wormaldia occipitalis was indicator species for seasonal springs. Small forest springs were characterized by species, e.g. Leuctra major, Elmis latreillei and Protonemoura auberti. Neither altitude nor water temperature were detected as significant predictors of the taxonomic diversity.

Key words: crenobionts, community, biodiversity, temperature, elevation

Received 17 October 2016 ~ Accepted 23 December 2016 ~ Published 31 July 2017 ~  DOI ffs.2017.22.09  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract


More contributions in recent volume

Editors:
Assoc. Prof. Peter Fenďa, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
Eduard Stloukal, PhD., Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia