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Volume 21, year 2016

Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of Malá Fatra National Park, Strážovské vrchy Protected Landscape Area and Žilinská kotlina Basin (Slovakia)

Katarína Krajčovičová, Erika Igondová, Oto Majzlan & Radomír Blažek

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 1–7

Abstract: Faunistic data on pseudoscorpions from Malá Fatra National Park, Strážovské vrchy Protected Landscape Area and Žilinská kotlina Basin were summarized for the first time. A total of 11 species from four families were found during 2004–2015. Pseudoscorpions from Chthoniidae and Neobisiidae families were sifted from organic material or collected using pitfall traps. Only one species of the family Cheliferidae, collected by beating branches, was found. Chernetid pseudoscorpions were mostly sifted from compost heaps, garden waste and rotten hay. The most abundant was epigean species Neobisium erythrodactylum (L. Koch, 1873), majority of specimens were collected using pitfall traps in wetland area in Šujské rašelinisko Nature Reserve. In the study area, species Lamprochernes nodosus (Schrank, 1803) occurred in high abundance as well, all specimens were found in composts and rotten hay.

Received 29 June 2015 ~  Accepted 12 December 2015 ~ Published 5 February 2016 ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.01  ~   In English

Poznámky k rozšíreniu Ixapion variegatum (Wencker, 1864) (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea, Apionidae) na území Borskej nížiny (JZ Slovensko)

Notes on distribution of Ixapion variegatum (Wencker, 1864) (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea, Apionidae) in the territory of the Borská nížina Lowland (SW Slovakia)

Milada Holecová, Katarína Hollá & Miroslava Šebestová

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 9–12

Abstract: Records of the rarely collected species Ixapion variegatum (Wencker, 1864) from its known localities in the territory of the Borská nížina Lowland (SW Slovakia) and the adjacent part of the Little Carpathians Mts are presented.

Received 13 December 2015 ~ Accepted 11 January 2016 ~ Published 14 March 2016 ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.02  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Bionómia pijavice Trocheta cylindrica Örley, 1886 (Hirudinea: Erpobdelliformes) v podhorskom úseku potoka Bystrica (Veľká Fatra, Západné Karpaty)

Bionomy of the leech Trocheta cylindrica Örley, 1886 (Hirudinea: Erpobdelliformes) in submontain stretch of the Bystrica stream (Malá Fatra Mountains, Western Carpathians)

Soňa Kontúrová & Pavel Beracko

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 13–18

Abstract: This study describes the ecology of the Trocheta cylindrica leech species in the submontain stretch of the Bystrica stream. Research was carried out from January to December 2013. Seasonal dynamics of leeches was determined from their density and biomass. Monthly density of leeches ranged between 35.91 and 246.82 ind×m-2 and the monthly biomass was from 14.29 and 87.44 g×m-2. Their main food items of T. cylindrica were Chironomidae larvae and Gammarus sp. The range of their feeding niche was between 0.04 and 0.69. The mean overlap of food composition of individuals with benthic community composition at the site was 0.41. Trocheta cylindrica had two-year life cycle with three generations in one year. The annual secondary production of the population was 241.34 g×m-2.


Received 15 February 2016 ~ Accepted 31 May 2016 ~ Published 11 July 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.03  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Faunistic records of Slovak oribatids I. Oribatid mites (Acarina) of Vihorlat Mountains, East Slovakia

Ladislav Miko

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 19–25

Abstract: Oribatid fauna of selected localities in Vihorlat Mountains and mountain foothills (Humenné, Vinné) was studied. Altogether, 165 species of oribatid mites from 47 families were found in 25 qualitative samples from years 1986 – 2005. 5 species need further study to decide if they belong to any known taxon, they may represent new species. 16 species were recorded for the first time from the territory of Slovakia. Final species list was shortly compared with known oribatid fauna in other protected areas of East Slovakia.


Received 17 March 2016 ~ Accepted 29 May 2016 ~ Published 12 August 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.02  ~   In English

Planktonické kôrovce (Crustacea: Branchiopoda, Copepoda) Žitného ostrova (Slovensko)

Planktonic crustaceans (Crustacea: Branchiopoda, Copepoda) of the Žitný ostrov inland (Slovakia)

Marta Illyová & Lenka Šulíková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 27–38

Abstract: The species composition of planktonic crustaceans was conducted in 54 ponds: 34 gravel pits and 21 native ponds, of south Slovakia, in the Žitný ostrov inland. The faunistic data on cladocerans and copepods from gravel pits of this area were summarized for the first time. During this study, 34 taxa of copepods and 69 taxa of cladocerans were recorded which includes slightly more than half of Cladocera species reported from Slovakia so far. One of these species Rhynchotalona falcata (Sars, 1862) is new in Slovakia. The most frequent species were Chydorus sphaericus (Müller, 1785) and Bosmina longirostris (Müller 1785). Seven non-native species occurred. The same number of planktonic crustacean species (85) was recorded, in the gravel pits and native ponds. The number of species found at particular sites ranged from 9 to 34 with a mean of 19. Multidimensional scaling (nMDS) showed the differences in the species composition of the two groups of pond. In native ponds the higher species richness of phytophilous species and copepods was recorded. Gravel pits contributed with more pelagic species, more non-native species and a few rare taxa, e.g. Anchistropus emarginatus Sars, 1862, Camptocercus rectirostris Schöedler, 1862, Chydorus gibbus (Sars, 1890), Kurzia (K.) latissima Kurz, 1875 and Diacyclops bisetosus (Rehberg, 1880) occurred there. The study showed that isolated artificial gravel pits can be a significant and alternate habitat for planktonic crustaceans.


Received 9 May 2016 ~ Accepted 25 May 2016 ~ Published 12 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.05  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Motýle s dennou aktivitou (Papilionoidea) medzihrádzového priestoru Malého Dunaja v intraviláne Bratislavy

Butterflies of the Malý Dunaj river inter-dike space in Bratislava

Henrik Kalivoda

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 39–44

Abstract: Over the years 2009–2015, a total of 14,356 butterfly specimens belonging to 62 species were found in the study area. The most numerous species were Polyommatus icarus, Pieris rapae, Melitaea didyma, Coenonympha pamphilus, Pieris napi and Issoria lathonia. Species Zerynthia polyxena, Melitaea phoebe and Glaucopsyche alexis are characteristic for dry and warm habitats, while species Lycaena dispar or Heteropterus morpheus for wet non-forest habitats.


Received 10 June 2016 ~ Accepted 25 July 2016 ~ Published 13 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.06  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Vtáčie spoločenstvá Šúrskeho rybníka a jeho blízkeho okolia

Bird communities of the Šúrsky rybník pond and its near surroundings

Jozef Lacko, Bystrík Ambruš & Andrej Fupšo

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 45–53

Abstract: Šúrsky rybník pond, located in Nature reserve Šúr, covers an area of 10.98 ha. The presented work was focused on qualitative and quantitative research of bird communities of the pond and its near surroundings during years 2010–2012. The work also compares the obtained data with preceding works focused on the bird communities of this locality. The field research was conducted from September 2010 to February 2012. On the site, we found 80 bird species, 42 nidificants of them. The species observed belonged to 13 orders, of which the most numerous were Passeriformes (37 species). The highest dominance had Anas platyrhynchos (10.59 %) and Anas crecca (7.8 %), representing the eudominant and the dominant species. These two species had simultaneously the highest density, i.e. A. platyrhynchos (9 ex/10 ha) and A. crecca (7 ex/10 ha). A. platyrhynchos, Aegithalos caudatus, Turdus pilaris, Parus major, Cyanistes caeruleus, T. merula, T. viscivorus, Chloris chloris, Sitta europaea, Passer montanus, Ardea cinerea, Aythya ferina, Dendrocopos major, Dryocopus martius, Fulica atra, Aythya fuligula and Cygnus olor were among the euconstant species. In comparison with previous scientific works, eudominant species observed by Kupcová (1960) were A. platyrhynchos (79.09 %), Fulica atra (49.38 %), A. querquedula (34.81 %), Emberiza schoeniclus (22.59 %), Acrocephalus arundinaceus (20.98 %) and Vanellus vanellus (17.39 %). Diversity index reached value 1.67, equitability index was 0.88 and Sörensen index of biotope similarities was 22.5. Detrended correspondence analysis was used to assess the field data, which divided individual species on the biotope preference basis.


Received 20 June 2016 ~ Accepted 5 August 2016 ~ Published 13 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.07  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract


Contribution to the knowledge of overwintering Lepidoptera caterpillars feeding in the Scots Pine crowns (Pinus sylvestris) in the Borská nížina lowland (SW Slovakia)

Miroslav Kulfan, Milada Holecová, Ján Kulfan, Miroslava Šebestová, Katarína Hollá & Anna Šestáková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 55–61

Abstract: During two periods (December 2013 – March 2014 and November 2014 – March 2015) a total of 9 species of Lepidoptera larvae belonging to six families were collected at five localities and ten study plots in leaf bearing crowns of Scots pines (Pinus sylvestris) in the Záhorie Protected Landscape Area. The family Geometridae encompassed the highest number of species found (4 spp.). The most abundant species were Hylaea fasciaria and Peribatodes rhomboidaria.


Received 4 April 2016 ~ Accepted 4 May 2016 ~ Published 13 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.08  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract


Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) of the meadows in Spa Sliač and its surroundings

Lenka Sarvašová

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 63–71

Abstract: The research was carried out in a spa Sliač in Zvolenská kotlina basin (central Slovakia) in nine research plots belonging to three categories according to management intensity: (1) intensively mowed meadows, (2) extensive pastures and (3) abandoned pastures under the secondary succession. Butterflies were recorded by transect methods during three seasons in 2009 – 2011. We recorded 1043 adult individuals belonging to 5 families and 46 taxons. Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758) was the most abundant species. Six species from the Red List of Slovakia were recorded: Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758), Lycaena alciphron (Rottemburg, 1775), L. dispar (Haworth, 1803), Phengaris arion (Linnaeus, 1758), Melitaea phoebe (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775), Polyommatus bellargus (Rottemburg, 1775) and one pair of species Melitaea aurelia (Nickerl, 1850)/ Melitaea britomartis (Assmann, 1847). The highest butterfly abundance and species richness were in abandoned pastures. In the contrary, intensively mowed meadows were characterized by lowest butterfly abundance and species richness. As for the intensity of management, our research confirmed that the extensively used grasslands and grasslands under the early stages of secondary succession are the most suitable for the butterfly communities. The lepidopterocenosis of spa meadows were similar to that of the city parks. Planting melliferous herbs into flower-beds in park seems to be a good solution how increase biodiversity as these “flower islands” provide insects temporary shelter and nectar source after the all-over mowing of the meadows.


Received 15 October 2015 ~ Accepted 7 January 2016 ~ Published 13 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.09  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Príspevok k výskytu denných motýľov (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) okolia obcí východného Slovenska, časť 4 – Miroľa (Laborecká vrchovina)

Contribution to the knowledge of the butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) distribution in surrounding of villages from eastern Slovakia, part 4 – Miroľa (the Laborecká vrchovina Mts)

Alexander Čanády

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 73–83

Abstract: The author investigated butterflies of superfamily Papilionoidea in the surrounding of village Miroľa (49°15’ N, 21°37’ E, altitude 390–530 m, Laborecká vrchovina Mts) during years 2014–2015. Totally were identified 62 butterfly species and 1 648 individuals belonging to 5 families. Among species were also recorded several species with different status of threatened of European and National importance (Iphiclides podalirius, Lycaena dispar, Phengaris arion, Brenthis ino, Melitaea phoebe, M. diamina and M. britomartis). According to the habitat preferences of butterflies were recorded: 15 ubiqvistic species, 29 mesophilic species (8 spieces: mesophil-1, 14 species: mesophil-2 and 7 species: mesophil-3), 13 xero-thermophilic species (5 species: xerotermophil-1 and 8 species: xerotermophil-2), 4 hygrophilous and 1 tyrphophilous species. Similarly, studied site represents a set of several microhabitats, which create favourable conditions for the survival of several species. The obtained data help to spread knowledge of butterflies in the territory of north-eastern Slovakia (Laborecká vrchovina Mts).


Received 16 December 2015 ~ Accepted 12 May 2016 ~ Published 13 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.10  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Príspevok k poznaniu motýľov s dennou aktivitou (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) Prírodnej pamiatky Panský diel

Contribution to the knowledge of butterflies of the Nature monument Panský diel

Henrik Kalivoda

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 85–90

Abstract: Over the years 2013–2015, a total 7,458 butterfly specimens belonging to 69 species were found in the Nature monument Panský diel. The dominant species were Pieris napi, Issoria lathonia, Pieris rapae and Polyommatus icarus. Zerynthia polyxena and Lycaena dispar are protected species at EU level and Hipparchia semele at national level. The most of species are characterized as mesophilous (25) and xerothermophilous (23) species.


Received 8 July 2016 ~ Accepted 25 July 2015 ~ Published 24 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.11  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Winter observation of weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea) on Scots pines in Borská nížina lowland (SW Slovakia)

Milada Holecová, Adrianna Králiková, Katarína Hollá & Miroslava Šebestová

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 91–98

Abstract: During two winter seasons (2013–2014 and 2014–2015), we collected insects from branches of Scots pine trees in the Borská nížina lowland (SW Slovakia) using beating method. A total of 21 weevil species were collected at five localities and ten study plots. Pine specialists were represented by six species (Anthonomus phyllocola, Brachonyx pineti, Brachyderes incanus, Magdalis memnonia, Magdalis phlegmatica, and Pissodes castaneus). The rest of the winter fauna were tourist species. Three eudominant pine specialists (Anthonomus phyllocola, Brachonyx pineti, Brachyderes incanus) exhibited different trends in abundance during the examined period. The abundance of Brachyderes incanus gradually rose from November until to March. On the other hand, the higher abundance of Brachonyx pineti was observed in late autumnal and prevernal months (November and the beginning of March). Adults of Anthonomus phyllocola hatch in early March and therefore they were not observed during late autumnal and winter months. The highest species diversity and abundance of the hibernating weevil fauna was observed in younger and middle-aged, dense-canopied forest stands. They probably provide a better opportunity to shelter in comparison with forest patches and non-canopied, free-growing trees. It is likely that increased activity of leaf-eating insects in forest canopies in the non-growing season may be a result of global warming and climate change.


Received 5 September 2016 ~ Accepted 27 September 2016 ~ Published 24 October 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.12  ~   In English

Zriedkavá varieta lienky veľkej anatis ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758) v. hebraea (Coleoptera, Coccidellidae) zistená na Slovensku

rare variety of eyed ladybird Anatis ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758) v. hebraea (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) found in Slovakia

Ján Kollár & Ladislav Bakay

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 99–101

Abstract: In 2016, a revision of older entomological collections was realized. The collections were provided by Anton Kollár. During the revision, an interesting and rare variety of eyed ladybird Anatis ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758) v. hebraea has been discovered. This variety of eyed ladybird occurs very sporadically in Europe. The sample was found in Cabaj Čápor village near Nitra city (DFS 7774a). The rare variety could be a result of mutation, caused by low level of eyed ladybird population in the locality. It is an interesting abberation, since all its spots are fused together, except spots 3 and 10 (the composition of spots is according to scheme 1+2+4+5+6+7+8+9, 3, 10).


Received 25 July 2016 ~ Accepted 9 August 2016 ~ Published 11 November 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.13  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Mortalita skokana hnedého (Rana temporaria Linnaeus, 1758) na migračných koridoroch v Tatranskom národnom parku

Mortality of Common frog (Rana temporaria Linnaeus, 1758) on migration corridors in Tatra National Park

Peter Mikoláš

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 101–107

Abstract: Although amphibian road mortality is well studied phenomenon, many sections of roads, even in highly protected areas of Slovakia remain without attention. The aims of this study were to record weather conditions during the start of spawning migration of common frog (Rana temporaria) at the site Tatranská Javorina and to map amphibian migration corridors on selected roads in Tatra National Park. The start of spawning migration was observed on 30. 3. 2016 when the average air temperature rose above 6 °C. On 62.9 km of roads in protected area, 12 amphibian migration corridors were mapped during one day survey on 31. 3. 2016. Together 101 carcasses of R. temporaria were found implying the social damage of 14,140 Eur.


Received 4 May 2016 ~ Accepted 3 June 2016 ~ Published 11 November 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.14  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Kosce (Arachnida, Opiliones) Prírodnej rezervácie Šujské rašelinisko (severozápadné Slovensko)

Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) of the Nature Reserve Šujské rašelinisko (NW Slovakia)

Ivan Mihál

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 109–114

Abstract: Author presents a species spectrum of harvestmen (Opiliones) identified during vegetation season 2013 in the Nature Reserve Šujské rašelinisko peat bog in north-west Slovakia. Nature Reserve Šujské rašelinisko peat bog is declared to protect of rare and protected fen and peat bog plant species and their communities. In total, 209 specimens of harvestmen, representing 14 kinds, belonging to four families have been determined from the Šujské rašelinisko peat bog. Listed 14 kinds of harvestmen constitutes 40.0% of the total species spectrum of harvestmen (n = 35) previously known from Slovakia. As the eudominant species were found Lophopilio palpinalis (Dominance = 23.92), Nemastoma lugubre (20.1), Oligolophus tridens (18.18) and Phalangium opilio (13.4). They are eurytopic and hygrophilous (except Phalangium opilio) species whose occurrence in moist microhabitats in peat bog is expected. On the other hand, the open sun and overheating peat bog microhabitats are suitable for occurrence of the heliophilous harvestmen Phalangium opilio. Rilaena triangularis was a dominant species (D = 6.7). As the subdominant species were recorded Platybunus pallidus (D = 3.83), Platybunus bucephalus and Lacinius ephippiatus (both D = 2.87) and Leiobunum rupestre (2.39). Among harvestmen, which mostly occur in conditions of peat bogs, fens, wetlands and waterlogged floodplain communities in our country we can be classified mainly Lacinius ephippiatus, Mitopus morio, Oligolophus tridens, Nemastoma lugubre, Rilaena triangularis, Astrobunus laevipes, Mitostoma chrysomelas, Lophopilio palpinalis, Platybunus bucephalus and other.


Received 30 June 2016 ~ Accepted 5 July 2016 ~ Published 11 November 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.15  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Epigeické chrobáky (Coleoptera) ako bioindikátor stability rezervácie Šujské rašelinisko

Epigeic beetles (Coleoptera) as the ecological stability indicators in Šujské rašelinisko peat bog Nature Reserve

Oto Majzlan

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 115–130

Abstract: This contribution presents the research on diversity of beetles (Coleoptera) in Šujské rašelinisko (Šuja peat bog) Nature Reserve (Rajec valley, NW Slovakia) held in 2014. Applying the ground trap method 421 beetle species of 39 families were recorded, predominantly of Staphylinidae (132 species), Carabidae (52), Curculionidae (32) and Chrysomelidae (27).


Received 20 January 2016 ~ Accepted 4 March 2016 ~ Published 11 November 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.16  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Zoznam drobčíkovitých chrobákov Slovenska (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)

Checklist of rove beetles of Slovakia (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)

Tomáš Jászay & Peter Hlaváč

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 131–216

Abstract: This work provides a check-list of 1500 species and subspecies of rove beetles belonging to 23 subfamilies which are actually known from the Slovak republic. The work is an update of the last checklist of Staphylinidae (Boháč et al. 1993) from the territory of Czechoslovakia, it reflects new system of the family Staphylinidae which was a subject of many principal changes in last 20 years, it gives brief comments to new faunistical records, brief overview of the faunistical literature and corrections of the last checklists of Staphylinidae (Boháč et al. 1993, Löbl & Smetana 2004 and Schülke & Smetana 2015a, 2015b) from the Slovak territory.


Received 25 July 2015 ~ Accepted 28 September 2015 ~ Published 19 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.17  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Faunistic records of Slovak oribatids II. Oribatid mites (Acarina) of Busov Mountains, North-East Slovakia

Ladislav Miko

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 217–220

Abstract: Oribatid fauna of selected localities in Busov Mountains was studied. Altogether, 114 species of oribatid mites from 36 families were found in 11 qualitative samples from years 1988 and 1990. Hydrozetes lemnae (Coggi, 1899) is recorded for the first time from the territory of Slovakia. Cultroribula confinis Berlese, 1908 and Oribatella brevipila Bernini, 1977 known until now only from Pieniny are recorded for the second time from Slovakia.


Received 8 April 2016 ~ Accepted 14 May 2016 ~ Published 19 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.18  ~   In English

Spoločenstvá motýľov s dennou aktivitou (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) vinohradníckej krajiny Malých Karpát

Butterfly communities of the vineyard landscape in the Small Carpathians Mts

Henrik Kalivoda & Stanislav David

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 221–227

Abstract: During the study (2009–2015), a total 56 butterfly species was found, with 41 of them on selected 7 study areas in the vineyard landscape in the Small Carpathians Mts. The highest number of species (41 species) was found on the extensive vineyards with traditional management. There were the most important butterfly species from protecded point of view Zerynthia polyxena, Parnassius mnemosyne, Lycaena dispar and Lycaena thersamon discovered.


Received 18 July 2016 ~ Accepted 15 September 2016 ~ Published 19 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.19  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Habitat preferences of small mammals occurring in two studied wetlands of the Žitný ostrov area

Veronika Hulejová Sládkovičová, Peter Miklós, Katarína Hollá, Veronika Búliková & Dávid Žiak

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 229–233

Abstract: The wetlands in fragmented agriculture landscape of Žitný ostrov offer changeable conditons, due to natural and anthropic pressure. Despite the high risk of extinction in such a fragmented habitat, there are no studies on habitat preferences of protected small mammals from this area. Hence we examined communities of small terrestrial mammals with occurrence of Microtus oeconomus mehelyi Éhik, 1928 on the territories of two wetlands at Žitný ostrov area. Totally 1092 individuals from 13 species of small mammals were recorded by live trapping. Habitat preferences of detected species were evaluated by direct gradient analysis of CCA. Species Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834) and Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreber, 1780) show high affinity for trees. Species Crocidura leucodon (Hermann, 1780), Crocidura suaveolens (Pallas, 1811), Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778), Sorex minutus Linnaeus, 1766, Micromys minutus (Pallas, 1771) prefer habitats with lower vegetation. The studied wetland habitats represent suitable conditions especially for dominant species Microtus oeconomus (Pallas, 1776) and Apodemus agrarius (Pallas, 1771). M. oeconomus preferred lower Carex overgrown, while its frequency decreases with increasing coverage of trees. On the contrary, A. agrarius preferred higher vegetation.


Received 9 August 2016 ~ Accepted 20 September 2016 ~ Published 27 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.20  ~   In English

Interesting ant species in the urban greenery of Bratislava

Mária Klesniaková, Milada Holecová & Alena Pavlíková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 235–238

Abstract: Urbanization has a great impact on natural ecosystems, such as pollution, fragmentation, and loss. However, some rare ant species can occur in this type of environment. We did the research in urban greenery (selected cemeteries, the Botanical garden) in Bratislava, and found ant species that are of faunistic interest.


Received 9 August 2016 ~ Accepted 10 October 2016 ~ Published 28 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.21  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

Winter activity of ants in Scots pine canopies in Borská nížina lowland (SW Slovakia)

Milada Holecová, Mária Klesniaková, Katarína Hollá & Anna Šestáková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 239–243

Abstract: During the non-growing period (from mid-November 2014 to mid-March 2015), we studied epigeic activity of ants in Scots pine canopies. Ants were collected using pitfall traps situated at seven study plots in the Borská nížina lowland. A total of 12 species belonging to seven genera and two subfamilies were found. Two to six ant species were cumulatively recorded at the examined pine canopies during the non-growing period. The oligotope Formica polyctena was the only species with epigeic activity during the whole study period. Low air temperatures and, consequently, the low soil temperatures combined with a weak insolation and strong shadowing inhibit the epigeic activity of ants.


Received 27 September 2016 ~ Accepted 7 October 2016 ~ Published 28 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.22  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract


Marianna Dzidová, Viktória Čabanová, Eduard Stloukal & Martina Miterpáková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 245–250

Abstract: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) play the main role as vector of dangerous pathogenic parasites and pathogens in the whole world. In last period, importance of mosquitoes monitoring is raising due to emerging of Zika virus and spreading of nematode parasites in connection with migration and climatic changes. In this study, 6261 mosquitoes females of ten species were collected in different sampling sites in Bratislava, Slovakia, in south-western part of the country from June 2015 till September 2016. In three sampling sites, with high density of human and animal host, potential vectors of dangerous diseases were captures – Aedes cinereus / geminus, Ae. vexans (the most abundant species), Anopheles hyrcanus, An. maculipennis complex, An. plumbeus, Coquillettidia richiardii, Culex pipiens complex, Ochlerotatus cantans, Oc. caspius, and Oc. sticticus. Our results confirm occurrence of important vectors of parasitic and other dangerous vector-borne diseases in this area and increasing risk for transmission of emerging diseases in Slovakia.


Received 1 December 2016 ~ Accepted 20 December 2016 ~ Published 29 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.23  ~   In English


Nikola Ďurišová & Eduard Stloukal

Folia faunistica Slovaca 21: 251–255

Abstract: Within research of Malacostraca (Crustacea) at the Turčianska kotlina, Slovakia, unusual occurrence of Gammarus leopoliensis Jazdzewski et Konopacka 1989 was reported at five sites. Nearest known sites of occurrence in Slovakia are in different orographic units hundreds kilometres away.


Received 6 December 2016 ~ Accepted 20 December 2016 ~ Published 29 December 2016  ~  DOI ffs.2016.21.24  ~   In English