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Volume 23, year 2018

Príspevok k výskytu denných motýľov (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) okolia obcí východného Slovenska, časť 5 – Kožuchovce (Laborecká vrchovina)

Contribution to the knowledge of the butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) distribution in surrounding of villages from north-eastern Slovakia, part 5 – Kožuchovce (the Laborecká vrchovina Mts)

Alexander Csanády

Folia faunistica Slovaca 23: 1–11

Abstract: The author investigated butterflies of superfamily Papilionoidea in the surroundings of village Kožuchovce (Laborecká vrchovina Mts, Eastern Slovakia) during years 2015–2016. This study builds on the results obtained in the study area of north-eastern Slovakia and complement faunistic data which may be the basis for further ecological evaluation. There were 69 butterfly species identified of 1444 individuals belonging to 5 families. Several species with of European and National importance status were identified (Iphiclides podalirius, Lycaena dispar, L. alciphron, Phengaris arion, Plebejus idas, Polyommatus daphnis, Brenthis ino, Melitaea phoebe, M. diamina and M. britomartis). According to the habitat preferences of butterflies were recorded: 19 ubiquistic species, 26 mesophilic species, 19 xerothermophilic species, 4 hygrophilous and 1 tyrphophilous species. Similarly, studied site represents a set of several microhabitats, which creates favourable conditions for the survival of several species.

Key words: Lepidoptera north-eastern Slovakia Laborecká vrchovina Mts

Received 19. 1. 2017 ~ Accepted 20. 12. 2017 ~ Published 29. 3. 2018 ~  DOI ffs.2018.23.01  ~   In Slovak, with English abstract

specific features of resting cysts morphology of limnic heterotrichous species ciliates Blepharisma lateritium and Stentor roeselii

Simona Benčaťová & Eva Tirjaková

Folia faunistica Slovaca 23: 21–27

Abstract: The following light microscopy study is dedicated to the structural description of resting cysts from two limnic heterotrichous species of ciliates, Blepharisma lateritium (Ehrenberg, 1831) Stein, 1859 and Stentor roeselii Ehrenberg, 1835. Both limnic samples were taken from the same location in Slovakia. In addition to standard observations during the encystation process of B. lateritium (changes in shape, volume, size; resorption of ciliature and others), we identified a specific structure around the encysting cells known as the „paper layer“. The most significant feature is the morphology of ectocyst and the presence of specific conical-shaped plug (escape apparatus). In addition to B. lateritium resting cysts, we described the resting cysts structure of S. roeselii for the first time. We recorded the unusual number of pillars visible in the form of thin hem just below the cyst surface. The outer layer (most likely ectocyst) appeared very striated, distally marked by a mucous layer. Unambiguously, this is the most conspicious feature of the cystic wall. The literary data suggest that there is still little information about these two species, as well as about cyst morphology in ciliates in general. This work can provide the basis for further research.

Key words. Ciliates, encystation, excystation apparatus, Slovakia, structure, surface

Received 14. 3. 2018 ~ Accepted 6. 4. 2018 ~ Published 26. 4. 2018 ~  DOI ffs.2018.23.03  ~   In English

sThe first finding of walnut husk fly Rhagoletis completa (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Slovakia

Milan Kozánek, Marek Semelbauer & Rastislav Bartoš

Folia faunistica Slovaca 23: 29–31

Abstract: Walnut husk fly Rhagoletis completa Cresson, 1929 is reported for the first time from Slovakia. Data on the distribution, morphology and biology of the species are given.

Key words. Diptera, Tephritidae, walnut husk fly, Slovakia

Received 29. 1. 2018 ~ Accepted 15. 5. 2018 ~ Published 27. 7. 2018 ~  DOI ffs.2018.23.04  ~   In English